The Montreal Protocol: concrete measures for the environment
The Montreal Protocol was established in 1987 in the city of Montreal. Initially, approximately 24 countries ratified this historic agreement. It was intended to protect the ozone layer through concrete means.
In addition to this objective, there has been a desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions produced by systems that use synthetic refrigerants. By doing so, we aim to mitigate the impact of climate change.
In fact, the Government of Canada estimates that the average temperature in Canada increased by 1.6 °C between 1948 and 2013, which represents a very high global warming rate.
The consequences of these climate changes can be very devastating for humans: heat waves, droughts, health problems, etc.
These climate changes have an impact on all countries around the world, which are facing several meteorological disasters and are fighting against environmental warming.
That is why, over time, many nations have joined the Montreal Protocol. By 2009, 196 countries had signed this environmental protocol.
More than 30 years following its implementation, the Montreal Protocol has slowed the depletion of the ozone layer. Five amendments have also been adopted over the years to adjust to new global trends. The most recent, the Kigali Amendment, was passed in 2016. Its objective is to phase out the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in refrigeration and air conditioning systems.